The following were entrenched in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms
a. Guarantee of Rights and Freedoms
- Canadians have the right to live as free citizens. The government guarantees this right but has the capacity to enact laws, if justifiable in a free and democratic society, that may curtail personal rights and freedoms.
b. Fundamental Freedoms
Canadians enjoy freedom of
- conscience and religious worship;
- thought (the right to have opinions and beliefs of one's choice);
- the press and other media;
- expression (the right to state personal opinions openly);
- association (the right to gather with the people of one's choice); and
- assembly (the right to meet peacefully with others).
c. Democratic Rights
- Canadians can vote in federal and provincial elections for whomever they choose.
- Canadians can run for elected office.
- A new government is to be elected at least once every five years (although an election may be postponed if there is a national emergency, like a war).
- Parliament must be called at least once a year.
d. Mobility Rights
- Canadians may enter, remain in, or leave Canada.
- Canadians may work wherever they like in Canada.
e. Legal Rights
- Canadians have the right to life, liberty, and security of their person. The government can deprive citizens of these rights only in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice.
- They have the right not to be searched in an unreasonable fashion or to be subject to unreasonable seizures of property. This right means that the police cannot search you or your home unless they have the reasonable expectation that they will find evidence of a crime. The police cannot arrest a person unless sufficient evidence exists that he or she has committed a crime.
- Individuals charged with offences have the right to be notified of the specific offence and to be given a fair trial in a timely manner.
- They may be held in custody only if there is sufficient evidence to justify detention.
- People do not have to answer questions that might prove that they committed crimes.
- Individuals are considered innocent until they are proven guilty.
- They have the right to be represented by a lawyer.
- They have the right to reasonable bail unless the Crown can demonstrate a compelling reason why they should not be released.
- They have the right to proper and humane treatment by the police, courts, and government.
f. Equality Rights
- Canadians cannot be discriminated against on the basis of race, religion, national or ethnic origin, colour, sex, age, and mental or physical ability.
- All Canadians are to be treated as "equal before and under the law."
- Every person has the same right of access to the courts and the justice system.
g. Official Languages
- Canadians can use English and French, the two official languages of Canada, in the federal Parliament and its institutions and in communication with federal government organizations.
- They can communicate in either French or English in the federal courts.
- English and French are the official languages of New Brunswick. Residents can communicate in either language in all institutions of the province's legislature and government.
h. Minority Language and Education
- Children are to be educated in either French or English where large enough numbers of students exist to justify a dual system.
- If any of these rights are denied, then Canadians may take the matter to the justice system.
j. General Provisions
- First Nations peoples retain previously established rights.
- The Charter must enhance Canada's multicultural heritage.
- The Charter applies equally to females and males.