The 4th Armoured Division and the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division had first entered western Holland during the 1st Canadian Army operation to clear the Scheldt Estuary. Once Allied ships could sail to Antwerp unmolested by German forces, however, the army was reassigned. On 9 March, Field Marshal Montgomery, Commander 21st Army Group, gave the 1st Canadian Army the task of pushing the German forces out of Holland. The 1st Canadian Corps, which had arrived from the Italian Front on 15 March 1945, joined the 1st Canadian Army for the operation.

The 1st Canadian Army launched its assault on 2 April 1945. The 1st Canadian Corps advanced northeast toward Apeldorn, while the 2nd Canadian Corps drove into western Holland and northern Germany. By 2 May, the Canadian 2nd Corps had occupied all of northern Holland as well as the German towns of Meppen, Sögel, and Oldenburg. The 1st Canadian Corps halted in the general area of Amersfoort according to a truce with with German forces arranged to facilitate the delivery of emergency supplies of food and fuel to the Dutch population.


Copyright © 2018 The Loyal Edmonton Regiment Museum
Prince of Wales Armouries Heritage Centre
10440 - 108 Ave, Edmonton