After 12 days of exhaustive negotiations, representatives of the German government and the new Bolshevik regime agreed on the terms of an armistice that ended hostilities on the Eastern Front. In the following months, formal treaty negotiations were conducted that led to the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on 3 March 1918.
The end of the war on the Eastern Front allowed the Germans to transfer several divisions to the Western Front. By March 1918, General Erich von Ludendorff, the German Chief-of-Staff, had assembled over 3 million troops for a series of offensives in the spring and summer of 1918. The Germans, however, would avoid attacking the Canadian-held sectors on the Western Front.