In 1989 and 1990, free elections took place in Nicaragua (1989) and Haiti (1990). The United Nations (UN) sent missions to observe and monitor the electoral process in both countries. The UN Observer Mission for the Verification of the Electoral Process in Nicaragua (Spanish acronym: ONUVEN) included 5 Canadian military personnel, while the UN Observers for the Verification of Elections in Haiti (French acronym: ONUVEH) consisted of 65 UN observers. The Canadian contribution to the mission was 11 military personnel. After elections were successfully held in Nicaragua and Haiti, the UN observers withdrew.